Diagnosis Treatments Statistics Causes Symptoms CANCER TYPES

GENERAL INDICATORS OF COLORECTAL CANCER

The following indicators of colon cancer are signs that you should seek medical advice:

  • Blood in stool: A significant red flag, often dismissed as common digestive issue.
  • Unwanted weight loss: A concern when occurring without lifestyle changes.
  • Altered bowel habits: Changes in frequency, consistency, or sensation of incomplete evacuation.
  • Nausea and vomiting: Resulting from obstructions caused by advanced colorectal cancer.
  • Abdominal cramping and pain: An indication of potential blockage or perforation.
  • Anaemia: A condition linked to chronic blood loss within the colon or rectum.
  • Pelvic pain: Occurs when the cancer affects the lower part of the digestive tract.
  • Loss of appetite: A consequence of digestive disruptions caused by cancer.
  • Generalized fatigue and weakness: Often associated with advanced stages of colorectal cancer.

Routine colon cancer screenings, including faecal testing, colonoscopy, and sigmoidoscopy, are instrumental in early detection and prevention of cancer recurrence.

EARLY WARNING SIGNS

RECTAL BLEEDING

What to look for:

  • Occult or hidden blood on microscopic stool examination.
  • Pale-coloured stool indicating bleeding higher up in the large intestine.
  • Frank bleeding: Fresh blood visible in the stool.

This occurs as cancer prompts the formation of sensitive blood vessels, leading to bleeding. If left unchecked, it can lead to chronic anaemia in advanced stages.

ALTERED BOWEL MOVEMENT

Signs to observe:

  • Narrowed stool akin to the size of a pen.
  • Changes in frequency, consistency, or sensation of incomplete evacuation.
  • Experience of residual stool after bowel movements and instances of constipation or diarrhoea.

These changes stem from the narrowing of the large intestine’s pathway due to cancerous growth, disrupting normal bowel function.

ABDOMINAL PAIN AND DISCOMFORT

Symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal Bloating.
  • Abdominal Cramps.
  • Abdominal Distension.

These sensations arise as cancer exerts pressure on nerves or causes partial blockage in the early stages.

ADVANCED STAGE INDICATORS

NAUSEA AND VOMITING

Caused by:

  • Obstruction by colorectal cancer, hindering food and fluid passage.

This results in food buildup, triggering nausea and, eventually, vomiting.

The buildup of food causes the digestive tract to look for another exit point. The first sign of food regurgitation is nausea, and vomiting occurs when the muscle contracts to remove the stomach content.

If nausea and vomiting occur on their own, then it’s unlikely to be colon cancer. Obstruction from colon cancer that causes nausea and vomiting is accompanied by two or three of the other symptoms discussed here.

DRASTIC WEIGHT LOSS

Attributed to:

  • Factors like nausea, loss of appetite, reduced nutrient absorption, and heightened metabolism.

Unexplained, sudden weight loss should raise concern and prompt action. Obesity is one of the colorectal cancer risk factors, but once you start losing weight suddenly without lifestyle changes becomes an indicator of having developed colorectal cancer.

CHRONIC ANAEMIA

Indicators include:

  • Fatigue, dizziness, rapid heart rate, and a pale appearance.

Caused by a loss of red blood cells due to cancerous cell activity, anaemia warrants attention, particularly in advanced stages.

Anaemia is an early sign of colorectal cancer but becomes an advanced warning sign if treatment options like radiation therapy, targeted therapy and adjuvant chemotherapy aren’t implemented in the early stages.

Iron-deficiency anaemia is the loss of red blood cells due to the cancerous cells multiplying and causing damage to the blood vessels and leaking blood into the colon.

WHEN TO SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE

Seek immediate consultation if you experience two or more early warning signs along with any advanced cancer indicators.

Urgent consultation is crucial for those with risk factors, such as:

  • Family history of colorectal cancer.
  • Abnormal gene syndromes.
  • High-fat, low-fibre diet, smoking, or alcohol consumption.

At Miskawaan Integrative Cancer Care, we provide cutting-edge diagnostic procedures, focusing on both precancerous and cancerous cells. Our treatment approach encompasses cancer-specific therapies, immune interventions, lifestyle adjustments, and detoxification protocols.

Contact us today to consult with our cancer specialist, who will guide you through tailored treatment options.

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Ready to take the first step toward recovery? Schedule a consultation with us today to explore your personalized treatment options at MICC.